Ijsselstein (U): St.
Nicolaas (A. Tepe, 1885-1887)
After the old church of St.
Nicolaas had been taken from the catholics by the protestants in 1577,
it would take until 1635 until the catholics had a church of their own
again, a hidden church which remained in use until 1780. That year it
was replaced by a new one, which in many ways was still a hidden
church. Within less than two decades later the catholics were granted
more religious freedom, and they could have built a real church.
However, it lasted for more than a century before they did. In 1887 the
catholics of Ijsselstein finally had a church that in size could
compete with the old St. Nicolaas and perhaps was even more impressive.
This 'new' St. Nicolaas is one of architect
Alfred Tepe's most important works. It's a three-aisled hall-church in
a neo-Gothic style that, as with all of Tepe's churches, was to a high
extent based on Lower Rhine and Westphalian Gothicism. For his design for the St. Nicolaas
combined a Westphalian type of hall-church, with side-aisles lower and
narrower than the nave, with a Lower Rhine-inspired architecture. On
the western side, flaning the tower, the side-aisles extend to become
chapels. On the eastern side they are polygonally closed.
In 1891-1892 Tepe built a very similar, but smaller, church in Raalte